Les technologies ADAS – semi-autonomes actuellement développées par les constructeurs


Même les constructeurs « secondaires » mettent des investissements significatifs sur la table pour pousser le developpement de leurs technologies ADAS (demi-autonome) et 100% autonome.
À noter que comme souvent l’atteinte d’un véhicule 100% autonome est prévue pour 2030 ce qui correspond à la retraite des dirigeants prenant l’engagement : réaliste mais éclairant aussi sur l’incertitude à lever tous les freins.
Au contraire il y a quasi-unanimité des constructeurs sur l’horizon 2020 pour les premières fonctionnalités de délégation de conduite sur autoroute – bouchons (niveau 3 SAE).

Un passage intéressant sur les technologies actuellement développées par Kia et donc la plupart des constructeurs :
« Highway Autonomous Driving (HAD) employs a combination of radar and camera detection systems to interpret lane markings, allowing the car to stay in its lane or switch into others to overtake other vehicles or follow a different road; all without driver input.
• Urban Autonomous Driving (UAD) applies GPS and sensors to identify the car’s position on the road, allowing it to safely navigate through densely-congested city environments while responding to live traffic updates.
• Preceding Vehicle Following (PVF) is an enhanced lane-keeping system which monitors the vehicle in front and allows the car to calculate its own path relative to it, following at a safe distance if road markings are indecipherable due to poor conditions or road layout.
• Emergency Stop System (ESS) operates in correlation with Kia’s Driver Status Monitoring (DSM) system, to analyse the driver’s face, ensuring their attention does not stray from the road for too long. If it detects that the driver takes their eyes from the road for too long, ESS can automatically direct the car into an appropriate side lane and come to a halt.
• Traffic Jam Assist (TJA) monitors the vehicle in front during congested traffic conditions, maintaining a safe distance from the vehicle in front and moving into appropriate spaces to gain ground.
• Autonomous Valet Parking allows drivers to exit the car and let the vehicle park itself remotely, activated using the smart key or a smartwatch.
DRIVE WISE technologies are primarily designed to make driving safer and easier for Kia customers by identifying hazards at the earliest possible opportunity and allowing the driver – or the car – to take appropriate action, though drivers can circumvent them with direct control, enabling closer control of the car as desired. »